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Organisations Index
We have included this index to enable you to search for organisations by name. The link will be to the latest story in which the organisation is the prime interest or figures significantly. This story will be linked to any previous story.
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A: ABA - Australian Broadcasting Authority (See ACMA -its successor -after July 1, 2005) ; ABC - American Broadcasting Company (owned by Disney- see Disney): ABC - Australian Broadcasting Corporation: Aberdeen Radio Ranch (South Dakota, US): Aboriginal Voices Radio Network (Canada); Access 1 Communications- US; Absolute Radio International Limited - UK radio group; Grupo Acir Communications (Mexican radio group); Ackerley Group (US)--See Clear Channel from June 2002; Adalante Media Group - re-launched Bustos Media following takeover by creditors; AFN - American Forces Network; AFTRA (American Federation of Radio and TV Artists); Air America Radio - US progressive talk radio network -declared bankruptcy Jan 2009 - Bought by Green Family Media Mar 2007 - before then see Piqant (formerly Progress Media (its parent); All India Radio (AIR -officially known as Akashvani) : American Family Radio (US Christian proselytising network); AMFM Inc - (After this entry look for Clear Channel which took it over Aug 2000); American Public Media Group - see MPR - US public broadcasting organization, parent of American Public Media and Minnesota Public Radio (MPR); The American Society Of Composers, Authors And Publishers (ASCAP) - US body that (Along with BMI - Broadcast Music Inc.) collects royalties for composers of mucical work; Anderson Broadcasting (North Dakota, US, radio group); AOL& AOL Radio Network - US; APN News & Media - Australian media group (Owns Australian Radio Network (with Clear Channel) and The Radio Network, New Zealand: It is 40% owned by Independent News and Media); Arbitron - US media research and radio ratings organisation; Archway Broadcasting Group LLC. , US; AROI - The Association of Radio Operators in India; Arqiva Limited - UK headquartered broadcast transmission operator (owned by Macquarie Bank-led consortium); Arso Radio (Puerto Rico); Astral Media Inc -Canada (announced Mar 2012 deal to be taken over by BCE Inc.) ; Atlantic 252 (UK Station-became TEAMTalk 252 Dec 2001--see Teamtalk after Nov 2001); Austereo (Australian commercial radio group)- - taken over by Southern Cross Media, Feb 2011 & rebranded Southern Cross Austereo July 2011 (See Southern Cross Austereo from Aug 2011); Australian Communications Agency (Australian spectrum regulator-subsumed into Australian Communications and Media Authority- See ACMA from July 2005); Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) - Australian regulator (took over duties of ABA and ACA in July 2005); Australian Radio Network (ARN)- Australian Radio group) - Also see APN News & Media, which owns it;

B: Backyard Broadcasting(US); Heinrich Bauer Verlag KG - German media group with radio holdings in Poland and UK; BBC -British Broadcasting Corporation; BCI - see Broadcasting Commission of Ireland; BBM Canada (formerly the Bureau of Broadcast Measurement) - Canadian ratings organization; Beasley Broadcast Group (US); Beat 102 FM - Irish regional station; BCE Inc - Canadian media and telecommunications conglomerate -radio holdings includestations of former CHUM (2006-7) - in process of acquiring Astral Media 2012; Bell Globemedia Inc. (BGM) - Canadian media group later re-named CTVglobemedia Inc. (See CTVglobemedia from Jun 2007); Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. - Indian Media Group that owns Times of India, Radio Mirchi stations through Entertainment Network India Ltd and UK Virgin Radio-re-branded as Absolute Radio in Sep 2008; BFBS - British Forces Broadcasting Service; BIA /BIAFinancial Network, Inc/BIA-Kelsey - US banking and investment company, specializing in broadcasting and telecommunications; Big City Radio (US -sold all its stations- listing ended December 2003); Bloomberg (US Financial Information Company including radio business news); Blue Chip Broadcasting (Cincinnati based African-American radio group- See Radio One Inc after February 2001 take over); Bollywood Broadcasting (Indian radio group owned by the Jatiyas): Bonneville International (US Radio group); Border Media Partners (Texas radio group -taken over by its lenders July 2009); Bridge Ratings - US media research company- as of Oct 2007 moved to doing "private label" research for one company; (US Streaming audio company - -went bust - see after February 10, 2001); Broadcasting Authority of Ireland (BAI) - Irish regulator that took over duties of Broadcasting Commission of Ireland and Broadcasting Complaints Commission on October 1, 2009; Broadcasting Commission of Ireland - (BCI ) Irish regulator (formerly the Independent Radio and Television Commission (IRTC) - to in turn succeeded by the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland on Oct 1, 2009- See BAI after then) : Broadcasting Complaints Commission of Ireland (BCCI) - Irish broadcasting watchdog- became part of Broadcasting Authority of Ireland on Oct 1, 2009- See BAI after then; Broadcasting Standards Commission (UK Broadcast watchdog-merged into Dec 2003: See Ofcom from Dec 30, 2003); Broadcast Music Inc. (BMI) - US organisation representing composers, songwriters and music publishers; Buckley Broadcasting (US); Bustos Media Holdings (US)- taken over by its lenders, September 2010- See Adalante Media after then; Burt Broadcasting (US);

C: Canadian Association of Broadcasters (CAB) - Canadian commercial broadcasters' trade body'; Canadian Broadcasting Corporation - see CBC: Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission - see CRTC below; Canadian Satellite Radio Inc (CSR) - Canadian joint venture with XM to provide satellite radio in Canada (See XM,Canada, after Nov 2005 launch); CanWest Global Communications (Canada); Capital Interactive - Internet arm of Capital Radio, UK ( folded into main company- See Capital Radio after Aug 2001); Capital Kids Radio (UK); Capital Radio (UK- its owns Capital FM, XFm, Beat 106 & Century stations as well as digital channels- merged with GWR May 2005 - See GCap after then); Catholic Radio Network (US -selling off its stations): CBC/Radio-Canada - Canadian Broadcasting Corporation; CBS - US Corporation spun-out of Viacom that owns CBS Radio (formerly Infinity) and TV (CBS Radio - See Infinity Broadcasting until Nov 2000 then Viacom after Nov 2000 until Jan 2006); CBSC -Canadian Broadcast Standards Council; Celador - UK media group including radio holdings; Centennial Broadcasting, US; Century Radio (Ireland's first national commercial radio station, went bankrupt); Channel 4 - UK TV company, dropped plans to move into radio Oct 2008; Cherry Creek Radio (US); Choice FM - Leading London, England, black radio station-See Capital Radio after Nov 2003; Chrysalis Group (UK music, publishing and radio company -ran Heart and Galaxy networks and LBC talk stations)- sold radio division July 2007- See Global Radio from Aug 1, 2007: CHUM - (Canadian broadcasting network- taken over by Bell GlobeMedia, Sept 2006. Bell then became CTVglobemedia Inc in 2007) - see CTV; Citadel Broadcasting Corporation (Citadel Communications) (US)- Former US broadcaster taken over by Cumulus Sep 2011 - became-part of Forstman Little June 28, 2001and then public again from Aug 2003 -then merged with with ABC Radio ( 2006), went into Chapter 11 bankruptsy (2009) and came out of bankruptcy (Jun 2010) --See Forstmann Little from July 2001 to Aug 2003 & Cumulus after Sep 16 2011; Classic FM (UK)- owned by GWR -- see GWR after July 2002; Clear Channel (US & International) - became CC Media Holdings when private equity buyout was completed at end of July 2008; CN Group - UK Group owning local stations; Cogeco Diffusion/Radio-Television Inc - Montreal-based broadcaster; Coleman Insights - US media research company; Colorado Public Radio network (US); Command Audio (US digital on demand audio company); Commercial Radio Australia - Australian radio industry body; Commercial Radio Companies Association - (CRCA - UK)- See Radio Centre after Jun 2006; Compass FM (UK); Commission for Communications Regulations (ComReg) - Irelands telecommunications and postal services regulator; Communicorp Group Ltd - Dublin-based Irish and European radio group; Concord Media Group (US); Consumer Coalition for Competition in Satellite Radio - C3SR - US group opposing satellite merger (NAB front organization?); Convergent Broadcasting - US; Coollink Broadcast Network- US Internet advert insertion company: Corus Entertainment (Canadian broadcast group); Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB) - US nonprofit corporation created by Congress to aid development of public broadcasting; Country Radio Broadcasters (US); County Media (Ireland-operates FM's in Cork : see Ulster TV) : Cox Media Group /Cox Enterprises (Including Cox Radio that in Jan 2009 became part of Cox Media Group, Inc - went private in May 2009); CRTC (Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission): James Crystal Enterprises (US): Crystal Media Networks - US media and syndication company; CSA (Conseil Supérieur de L'audiovisuel) - French media regulator; CTVglobemedia Inc. - CTVgm (formerley Bell Globemedia) - Canadian media group -bought CHUM Jun 22, 2007- being taken over by Bell, Canada, Sept 2010 -See BCE Inc after then; Cumulus Media/(CumulusMedia Partners LLC) (US group formed by Cumulus Media and equity partners that took over Susquehanna) - Cumulus Media took over CMP completely in Auust 2011;

D: Delta Radio (Dutch group to operate offshore long-wave station); Deutsche Welle - German public broadcaster; Dial Global - US independent radio network (Owned by Triton Media - see Triton after June 2008-took over Westwood One Oct 2011; Digital Media Association (DiMA) - US organisation for webcasters etc; DMG Radio group (radio interests worldwide of DMGT, owners of UK Daily Mail: In Nov 2009 DMG sold 50% of DMG Radio Australia to Illyria, the private company owned by Rupert Murdoch's eldest son Lachlan. It had earlier held a controlling interests in GWR/ then 29.9% of G-CAP Media after the Capital Radio-GWR merger in the UK before the latter was taken over in 2008 by Global Radio): Digital One - UK national commercial multiplex operator (owned by Arqiva - formerly with Global Radio-Arqiva agreed Apr 2009 to buy out Global's share); Digital Radio Development Bureau (DRDB) -UK group of BBC and commercial broadcasters that promotes digital radio (Replaced in 2010- See Digital Radio UK/Get Digital Radio from Jan 2010) ; Digital Radio Group Ltd (UK consortium bidding for digital radio licences); Digital Radio Mondiale (DRM ) (Geneva-based Digital Radio Consortium): Digital Radio UK/GetDigital Radio - UK body to represent radio industry over switch to digital radio; Digital Radio Working Group - Body set up by UK government to examine digital radio for UK; Walt Disney Co - Owns ABC radio and TV, US (As of Jan 2006 ABC Radio is in the process of merging with Citadel): Radio Dijla- Baghdad talk radio station:
E: Eastlan Ratings- US radio ratings company: Eastern Counties Radio Ltd (UK): Edison Media Research (US Market research company); Educational Media Foundation (US); Emap - UK media group that included radio operations-these were sold Dec 2007 to Bauer - see Bauer after Jan 2008); Emmis Communications (US); Entertainment Network (India) Limited (ENIL) - Times of India company that owns Radio Mirchi FM stations and in turn is owned by Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd.- see Bennet, Coleman & Co. Ltd after July 2008 after another subsidiary took over Virgin Radio.; Entercom (US); Entravision (US Spanish language network): Eurisko - Italian audio meter maker; European Broadcasting Union (EBU- co-operative organisation of European broadcasters); Expanse Communications Inc(US);
F: Fairfax Media - Australian media group whose holdings include Sydney 2UE; Federation of Australian Radio Broadcasters Limited (FARB): Federal Communications Commission (FCC) - US airwaves regulator; Feed the Monster (US streaming organisation,- filed for bankrupty Feb 2001): Fisher Communications (US- own stations in Pacific north west): Forever Broadcasting (UK Radio Group-bought by Wireless Group, Jan 2004 - See Wireless Group after then); Forever Broadcasting (US Radio Group); Forstmann Little (US -took over Citadel Radio, June 2001--see Citadel June 30, 2001 to July 31, 2003); Frontier Silicon - UK Headquartered digital multimedia products company; Future of Music Coalition(FMC) -US organization that supports independent recording artists.

G: GAP/GAPWest Broadcasting - US radio company controlled by funds operated by Oaktree Capital Management (Taken over by Townsquare Media, Aug 2010 - - See Townsquare after then;); Gaylord Entertainment -Nashville owners of Grand Ole Opry and WSM-AM country stations; GCap Media - UK Group formed from merger of Capital Radio and GWR (Taken over June 2008 by Global Radio. See Global from July 2008); Genex Communications Inc. - Canada- owns CHOI-FM, Quebec; GfK - German headquartered market research company- produced now defunct British National Broadcast Media Survey; GlobalMedia (US Audio streamer- going bust); Global Radio - Luxembourg-based developer of European satellite radio service; Global Radio - Jersey with UK subsidiary - investment group that bought Chrysalis Radio in 2007 and GCap Media in 2008; Google - Internet search engine company, which is also in radio advertising; Goom Radio - online radio service launched in France and Germany in 2008 and in US in March 2009; Grand Slam radio (Vancouver,Canada); Greater Media - Boston-headquartered US, radio group; Grupo Radio Centro - Mexican radio group; Guardian Media Group -GMG - -(UK media group which publishes Guardian newspaper and whose holdings also include Real and Smooth Radio stations); GWR Group (UK Radio group- holdings include national classical music station Classic FM-merged with Capital Radio, May 2005 - See GCAP after then); Golden West Broadcasting - Canada:

H: Haliburton Broadcasting Group Inc (Canada); Harris Corporation - US communications equipment company; HD (Digital) Radio Alliance - US consortium to promote HD Digital Radio; Hind Broadcasting (Indian radio group owned by the Jatiyas): Hispanic Broadcasting Corporation (HBC) (US)- See Univision after Oct 2003: Hi-Wire - US Internet advert insertion company: Horizon Broadcasting (US); Hubbard Broadcasting - Minneapolis-St Paul based broadcaster- bought 17 Bonneville stations in 2011;

I: iBiquity Digital Corporation (US Digital Audio Broadcasting technology company): Iceberg Media (Canadian Internet streaming company-now owned by Standard Radio); Independent Broadcasters of Ireland (IBI) - Irish commercial radio body; Infinity Broadcasting Corp. (US-subsidiary of Viacom, owners of CBS-- see Viacom after Nov 2000); Independent Radio and Television Commission (IRTC) (Ireland) -became the Broadcasting Commission of Ireland Sept 2001 - See BCI after this; Inner City Broadcasting (New York based African-American radio group); Interep - former US independent sales and marketing company specializing in radio- in Chapter 7 liquidation as of Oct 2008, effectively closed Dec 2008; Isle of Man International Broadcasting (IMIB);

J: Jacobs Media - US radio consulting firm specializing in rock formats; Jazz FM (UK)- now licensed by Guardian Media Group; Jefferson-Pilot Communications - broadcasting interests of Jefferson-Pilot (US )-taken over by Lincoln Financial (See Lincoln after Oct 2005); Jones Media/Jones Radio Networks (US) - sold June 2008 to Triton Media (See Triton after then); Journal Communications - Milwaukee-headquartered US media group;

K: Katz Media (Clear Channel-owned US Rep firm- includes Katz Rdio Group); KIRN-AM, KRSI, KSMI (Farsi -Persian language stations in California; Last two are closed circuit); Kiss FM (UK): K-Love - US Christian network: KQED - San Francisco public broadcaster- merged with KTEH to form Northern Califonia Public Broadcasting in May 2006 (See NCPB from then);
L: Langer Broadcasting (Boston, US): Laser Broadcasting - former UK Radio company (Went into liquidation Oct 2008); Lasting Value Broadcasting Group (US); Launch Radio Networks(US) -see Yahoo; ; LBI Media - Parent of Liberman Broadcasting (US radio group specialising in Spanish language stations); Liberty Media - US Media Conglomerate ( in Feb 2009 rescued Sirius XM from bankruptcy through loan, for which it took 40% stake in the satellite radio operator. In Nov 2009 it bought the debts of international satellite radio company WorldSpace); Lincoln Financial Media-US media group (including former Jefferson Pilot communications)The Local Radio Company - UK Radio group (in May 2009 UKRD said it had control of more than 50% of the shares)- See UKRD from Oct 2009; London Digital Radio Ltd. (Group bidding for 3rd London digital multiplex licence); London News Radio (LNR - bought by Chrysalis, Sept 2002. See Chrysalis after Oct 1, 2002); London Live -BBC's London radio station: Lovett Communications (US);

M: Macquarie Bank/Macquarie Regional Radio/Macquarie Media Group/Macquarie Southern Cross Media/Southern Cross Media Group- Australian Bank- building regional radio group through Regional Media Pty Ltd (Unrelated to Maquarie Radio Network) and its subsidiaries: Macquarie Radio Network (Australian radio network -owns Sydney 2GB ); Mapleton Communications (US); Marathon Communications (US Radio Group); Marcher Radio Group (UK - now owned by UK GWR Group); Martz Communications Group Inc. (San Francisco based group -runs New York stations/has closed its streaming operations 2001): Maryland Public Radio Inc- Baltimore group purchasing WJHU-FM ( see WJHU); MeasureCast Inc (US Streaming audio ratings organisation- taken over by Arbitron November 2002); Media Access Project - US public interest law firm; Media Audit - US research company, teamed with IPSOS in developing cell-phone based audience measurement system; Media Development Authority - Singapore media regulator; Media Rating Council (MRC) - US broadcaster-funded organization that accredits audience ratings services; MediaWorks - New Zealand - it owns RadioWorks, one of the country;'s main radio station operators and is wholly owned by Ironbridge Capital; Mega Communications (US Spanish language radio group); Merlin Media - US group founded June 2011, that is initially taking control of three Emmis stations; Radio MidDay (Indian Radio Group); Millennium Radio Group (New Jersey Group taken over by Townsquare Media in Aug 2011 - See Townsquare after then): Minnesota Public Radio (MPR): Monarch Broadcasting Limited (Canada): Mondadori - Italian publishing company controlled by PM Silvio Berlusconi's Fininvest holding company - began to move into radio 2004; Moscow Echo -Independent Russian radio station; Museum of Broadcast Communications, Chicago: Museum of Television & Radio (New York and Los Angeles); Multicultural Radio Broadcasting (US) ; Music Broadcasting (Indian Radio Group); MusicFirst Coalition - US body lobbying for performance royalties; Muxco -UK consortium bidding for local DAB Digital Radio multiplex licences across the country - Muxco's parent is Folder Media; MXR Consortium - UK Group bidding for digital radio licences (original members were Capital Radio, Chrysalis Radio, Guardian Media Group, Ford Motor Co and Jazz FM- now owned by Guardian Media Group);

N: NAB - (National Association of Broadcasters - US Commercial Broadcasters' Association): NABOB - National Association of Black Owned Broadcasters, US); Nash Communications (Owners of WILD-AM, Boston, US): Nassau Broadcasting (US)- bankrupt and trying to sell stations; Nasty 1570 Sports (Baltimore, US); National Grid Wireless (NGW) - UK broadcast transmission company- former Crown Castle - ( sold by National Grid to Arqiva); NPR/ National Public Radio ( US): National Religious Broadcasters (NRB) - US broadcasters' group; NBG Radio Network (US independent radioproducer and syndicator); Newcap Inc (Canadian broadcaster): New Media Broadcasting (Radio subsidiary of Indian media Group Zee): NewRadio Group - US; Newsweb Corporation (Chicago-based group); Newstalk 106 - Irish quasi-national news and talk station - until Sept 2006 a Dublin news and talk station; New York Public Radio - operator of public radio stations WNYC-FM and classical WQXR-FM (Former NY Times classical station bought in 2009); New Zealand Broadcasting Standards Authority - New Zealand broadcasting watchdog; NextMedia Group (Denver-based US radio group): The Nielsen Company (& A.C.Nielsen & Nielsen media research) - International ratings and research company, taken over VNU of Holland, which later renamed itself The Nielsen Company: Nimbus (Indian Radio group): NJR (European radio group with four networks in France): Nippon Broadcasting System (NBS) - Japanese radio group -linked with Fuji TV and FujiSankei; Northern California Public Broadcasting (NCPB) - Bay Area broadcaster formed May 2006 from merger between KQED and KTEH) North West Digital Radio Ltd - NWDR -(UK Consortium bidding for digital radio licences-- see also WMDR): Now Digital, UK - see GWR above; Nova FM ( DMG station in Sydney, Australia)- see DMG Radio after Jan 2002:
O: Observer Group (Indian Radio group): ODTR (Office of the Director of Telecommunications), Ireland: (Swiss) OFCOM - Swiss Federal Office of Communication; Ofcom - UK regulator for media- took over from predecessors December 29, 2003; One-on-One Sports Inc (Chicago-based US radio sports network -being folded into The Sporting News Network); OneWord Radio - UK digital radio speech and drama channel: Orion Media - UK Midlands radio group that bought stations from Global Radio in 2009.
P: Pacifica Radio Network/Corporation (US radio group founded in 1946 by conscientious objectors): Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA); Paragon Media Strategies - Denver Based research company; Jim Pattison Broadcast Group Ltd.- Canadian broadcast group; Piquant LLC - former owner of Air America Radio - took over previous owner Progress Media June 2004- bought by Green Family Media Mar 2007 - See Air America Radio after then; Planet Rock - UK classic rock digital station; Platte Broadcasting (US); Prairie States Broadcasting, Inc (US): Prasar Bharati - (the Broadcasting Corporation of India)- Indian body overseeing public broadcasters; Premiere Radio Networks (US radio syndication subsidiary of Clear Channel); Progress Media - (US) - parent of "progressive" talk network Air America- taken over June 2004 by Piquant LLC (See Piquant after then) : Prometheus Radio Project - US non-profit micro radio support organization; Grupo Prisa - Spanish media group; Public Radio International - US public radio syndicator: Pure - UK digital radio receiver manufacturer, part of Imagination Technologies; (UK Chrysalis Group's Internet "radio station"-founded Nov 2000, folded into Rivals.Net Feb 2001)
Q: Qantum Communications (US); Quebecor Media, Canada (See TVA);

R: Radio Academy (UK - non-profit body to promote medium of radio); Radio Advertising Bureau, UK - See Radio Centre after May 2006 : Radio Advertising Bureau (RAB), US; Radio Ad Effectiveness Lab (RAEL) - US; Radio America (US); Radio Australia (International arm of Australian Broadcasting Corporation): DMG Radio Australia (see DMG): Radio Authority (UK-duties taken over by new Ofcom regulator Dec 29, 2003): Radio Caroline - UK station and first UK offshore pirate station; RadioCentre - UK industry body that incorporates the Commercial Radio Companies Association, the Radio Advertising Bureau, the Radio Advertising Clearance Centre, network programme company Hit40UK and the Joint Industry Committee for Radio IT; RadioCommunications Agency (UK government department which handles spectrum auctions- absorbed into Ofcom Dec 2003: See Ofcom); Radio First (UK media company); Radio Free Afghanistan - possible US government station to be run by Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty; Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (US government overseas radio organisation): Radio and Internet Newsletter (RAIN) - US online newsletter; Radio Investments Ltd (UK group)- bought by The Local Radio Company, May 2004 - See TLRC after then: Radio Maria (Italian-based religious broadcasting group); Radio Music License Committee - body that represents most US radio stations concerning copyright payments; Radio New Zealand - New Zealand state radio; Radio Nord (Canada); Radio One Inc. (US): Radio Sawa - Arabic language pop music and news station funded by the US government; RadioScape - London-based Digital Audio Broadcasting development company: Radio Spirits - largest US distributor of old-time radio shows: Radio Television Digital News Association - former Radio-Television News Directors' Association - see RTNDA; Radio Unica (US Hispanic network- filed for bankruptcy 2003, stations sold to Multicultural Broadcasting, and ended Unica broadcasts February 2004); RAJAR - UK Radio Joint Audience Research radio ratings organisation; Real Networks (US Streaming technology company); Real Radio (Wales, UK): Reciva - Cambridge (UK)-based Internet radio technology group; Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA - US record industry body); Red Dragon FM - (Cardiff, Wales, station); Red Hot FM (Winner of new Cork FM licence in Ireland, Feb 2001); Red Zebra Broadcasting - US company set up by Washington Redskins owner Dan Snyder; Regent Communications (US)- became Townsquare Media on May 3, 2010- See Townsquare after then; Reliance Broadcast Network Limited -RBNL (part of the Reliance ADA Group(Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group) and operator of the BIG FM networkRG Capital Radio - Australian radio group (Being taken over by Macquaire Bank - see Macquairie from Sept 2004); Rogers Broadcasting/Communications/Media//Radio (Canadian Broadcast group); Ronning Lipset Radio - US advertising firm specialising in onine radio; RTÉ- Raidió Teilifís Éireann (Radio Television Éirann - Irish State Broadcaster); RTNDA - (US & Canada -Radio Television Digital News Association - name changed in 2010 from the Radio-Television News Directors' Association); Rural Press Limited -Australian publishing and radio group;

S: Saga (UK -specialised in broadcasts for over-50's) - bought by Guardian Media Group Dec 2006- See GMG after this entry; Saga Communications (US media group): Salem Communications (US); *(Former) Scottish Media Group - see SMG; Sawa - See Radio Sawa; SBS Broadcasting Sarl. -Former SBS Broadcasting S.A. -European media company (radio stations are mainly in Finland, Norway and Sweden)- taken over by German Media Group ProSieben in June 2007; SEN - (Sports Entertainment Network) - Australian sports network -into voluntary liquidation May 2005; Scottish Radio Holdings - SRH - (holdings include Radio Clyde and Radio Forth )- agreed in 2005 to being taken over by Emap (see Emap after Aug 2005) ; Radio Seaway (US); Simmons Media - US Radio Group: Sinclair Broadcast Group (US Broadcast group); Sirius (Satellite Radio) (US) - merged with XM to become Sirius XM Radio Jul 29, 2008- See Sirius XM Radio from Aug 1, 2008; Sirius (Canada) - Canadian satellite radio licensee (See Sirius before Oct 2005) - announced Nov 2010 that it is to merge with XM in Canada; Sirius XM Radio - company formed by merger of Sirius and XM Satellite Radio Jul 2008; Sky News Radio - Radio operations of Sky News (UK); Sloane Broadcasting (US Radio group); SMG - (former Scottish Media Group UK and former owner of Virgin Radio in the UK); Solas AM (Irish group awarded Dublin religious licence); SoundExchange - US body charged with collecting webcasting royalty fees; South African Broadcasting Complaints Commission (SABCC) - South African Broadcasting watchdog; Southern California Broadcasters Association (SCBA); Southern Cross Broadcasting (Australia) -bought by Macquarie in 2007-See Macquarie from Nov 2007 on then Southern Cross Austereo following Feb 2011 takeover of Austereo and re-branding (Jul 2011); Southern Cross Austereo -Re-branded company combining Southern Cross and Austereo radio, TV, and online assets; Spanish Broadcasting System (SBS ) (US); The Sporting News Radio Network (US- formerly One-on-One Sports): Standard Broadcasting Corporation Ltd -Canada (Taken over by Astral. See Astral after Nov 2007): Star FM (Dublin special interest music licence holder); Starboard Broadcasting - US Catholic-oriented talk format radio broadcaster - runs Relevant Radio; Statistics Canada - Canada's national statistical agency; StreamAudio (US radio streaming organisation); Sunburst Media (Dallas,US); Sunrise Radio ( UK Asian radio broadcaster); -(US streaming and advert technology company); Susquehanna Radio (US- See Cumulus from Jan, 2006); Sydney 2UE (Top rated Sydney station: also at centre of "cash for comment" affair)- see Southern Cross Broadcasting from May 2002: Switchdigital - UK Digital radio consortium which holds second London digital licence: SW Radio Africa (SWRA)- UK based station broadcasting news to Zimbabwe on short wave:

T: Talk America Radio Networks (US); TalkSport (UK-Formerly owned by The Wireless Group--see Wireless Group after April 2002 then UTV, which took over the Wireless Group); Taylor Nelson Sofres (TNS) - & TNS Media Intelligence- worldwide market research group; TEAMtalk Media (UK-owns TEAMtalk 252 sports station -taken over by UK Betting online company, June 2002: Station went off air July 2002); Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI ) - Indian regulator; Télémédia (Canadian Broadcast Group- sold last of its radio stations June 2001); Televisa (Mexican broadcast group); The Radio Network -New Zealand; The Sporting News Network (US radio sports network); Tindle Radio - UK Radio group; Townsquare Media Inc (former Regent Communications - also acquired GAP Broadcasting Aug 2010: Majority shareholder is Oaktree Capital); Triad Broadcasting -US radio group; Tribune Co - US media company; Triton Media (US - owner of Dial Global - bought Jones Media in June 2008 & took control of Westwood One in Dec 2011); Trumpet Broadcasting Inc (US); TVA Group (Canada -owned by Quebecor Media);
U: UBC Media (UK Media group); Unica (see Radio Unica ; UK Radio Authority - see Radio Authority above; UKRD - Cornwall-based UK radio group (In May 2009 announced it had majority stake in The Local Radio Company); (US portal); Unica - See Radio Unica ; United Christian Broadcasters Ltd (UK-based satellite religious broadcaster-added national digital multiplex Dec 2009): Univision - largest US Spanish-language TV company, took over Hispanic Broadcasting in October 2003; Urban Box Office Network (US Portal-now bankrupt); UTV Media PLC (fomer Ulster Television)- (N. Ireland Owns radio stations in Republic of Ireland and in June 2005 took over The Wireless Group);
V: Vatican Radio (Broadcasts Papal events round the world); Vertex Broadcasting (Indian Radio group owned by Dabur): Viacom (US media group - owns CBS and Infinity Radio - see CBS for CBS Radio, the former Infinity, from Jan 2006); Village Roadshow (Australia - see Austereo); Virgin Radio - radio interests of Virgin Group (*UK Virgin Radio was now owned by Scottish Media Group, which sold it to a Times of India subsidiary that dropped the name) - for UK Virgin Radio see SMG ); Voice of America (VOA - US government overseas radio organisation):Vox Radio Group (US radio group):
W: WAAF-FM (Worcester, Massachusetts, rock station); WAMU-FM --radio station of the American University in Washington, DC: Waitt Radio (US); WBEZ-FM - Chicago public station and NPR affiliate: WBUR-FM (Boston University, US, public radio station);West Midlands Digital Radio Ltd. - WMDR - (UK Consortium bidding for digital radio licence) - see also NWDR); Westwood One (US syndicator - taken over by Triton Media's Dial GLobal, Dec 2011- See Triton after then); WEVD-AM - New York talk station named after socialist Eugene V Debs - to become ESPN outlet September 2001, bought by Disney 2003; WGBH - Boston, US, public broadcaster; WHUR-FM - , Washington, D.C. public radio station owned by Howard University; WHYY - Philadelphia public radio station; Wilks Broadcast Group (US); Wireless Group (UK - owns TalkSport and regional stations in UK - taken over by UTV - See UTV after June 2005): WJHU-FM - John Hopkins University, Baltimore, radio station (became WYPR, Feb 2002); WNYC - New York public radio station- operated by New York Public Radio (See NYPR from 2011); WorldAudio - Australian AM network which owns some 45 licences- went into administration March 2006: WorldDMB- formerly WorldDAB forum - Body representing interests of Eureka 147 Digital Audio Broadcasting worldwide; WorldSpace (US -based satellite radio organisation - formerly WorldSpace - re-branded July 2008) - went into Chapter 11 bankruptcy Oct 2008; WTOP-AM - Washington, DC, all-news station; WYPR -Baltimore, public radio station;
X: XM Satellite Radio (US) merged with Sirius to become Sirius XM Radio Jul 29, 2008- See Sirius XM Radio from Aug 1, 2008; XM Canada -Canadian service of XM.
Y: Yahoo - US Portal - owns Launch Media and its radio syndication service, Launch Radio Networks;
Z: Zee Group (India Media group): Z-Spanish Media - see Entravision
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